There are 308 large and small VATS in the Palace Museum, of which the iron VATS were cast in the Ming Dynasty and the copper ones were cast in the Qing Dynasty. However, the gilded copper VAT was cast during the Qianlong period of the Qing Dynasty. There are still 18 bronze vats, each weighing 2 tons, and 100 taels of gilt (gold plating). In winter, the water in the big tank is easy to freeze, so what to do? The wisdom of the ancients was infinite. They set up special "iron drawers" in large VATS to store charcoal fire, and charcoal could be placed under each VAT to make a fire. At the same time, the palace people also considerately put cotton padded clothes on the VATS to prevent the water in the VATS from freezing. In order to serve these vats, the internal affairs department also set up a "cooked fire place".
In 1900, the Eight Allied forces invaded China. The evil powers rushed into the Forbidden City with bayonets and plundered the treasures. They did not let go of these gilded bronze vats. They used bayonets to hang up all the "gilded gold" on the surface of the vats. Today, there are still traces of bayonets on the surfaces of those gilded bronze VATS in the Palace Museum!
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